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How Shoulder Injuries Cause Problems Returning to Work

All of us use our arms a lot.  You don’t think about how much you use them, but you really notice it when after you injure your shoulder.

I did not realize how much difficulty having a shoulder injury caused until l hurt my shoulder about 15 years ago.  A shoulder injury can make it difficult to do routine activities.  I had problems doing a lot of activities, including the following:

  • Putting on my shirt
  • Combing my hair
  • Reaching up to get dishes or glasses out of a cabinet

A shoulder injury not only makes it difficult to do things around the house, but it can also make it especially difficult to do a job.  Almost anyone who suffers a shoulder injury at work will likely face some difficulty when trying to return to work.  Almost every job requires us to use our arms to some extent.

This article will focus on returning to work with a shoulder injury and how Georgia’s workers compensation law impacts that.

Man suffering from neck or shoulder painWhat types of shoulder injuries make it difficult to return to work?

Not all shoulder injuries are the same.  Some shoulder injuries heal up quickly and do not cause continued difficulty.

I was really lucky.  The shoulder injury I suffered about 15 years ago was just a minor sprain.  It healed up within about a month.

Unfortunately, many people are not so lucky.  They suffer more serious shoulder injuries.  One of the most common types of shoulder injuries I see is a rotator cuff tear.  This type of injury often requires a surgery to repair the tear.

Other shoulder injuries can require surgery as well.  Hopefully, your shoulder injury will heal up quickly.  But, regardless of what type of shoulder injury you suffer, you may have difficulty returning to work.

Why would my shoulder injury cause me to have difficulty doing my job?

As I mentioned earlier, most of us do not realize how much we use our arms.  Most people have jobs that require them to use their arms frequently.  Some of the most common types of jobs that people have difficult performing after shoulder injuries include:

  • Jobs that require lifting heavy objects
  • Work that requires you to use your arms repetitively for reaching or lifting
  • Jobs that require you to work with your arms overhead or above shoulder level

While people performing these types of jobs may find it especially difficult to return to work, a shoulder injury can make it difficult to return to any type of work regardless of what your job requires.

What if my employer offers me a light duty job before I have shoulder surgery?

Your employer can offer you a light duty job at any point.  They can even offer you a light duty job when the doctor has recommended surgery.

The important question is whether the job offered to you is suitable.  In most circumstances, your treating doctor will decide whether the job is suitable.  For example, your doctor may recommend that you restrict yourself to no lifting over 10 pounds and no overhead work.  These restrictions from your doctor usually carry a lot of weight in determining whether a potential job is suitable.

Georgia has some special rules that apply to light duty job offers.  These rules address payment of benefits and attempts to return to work after an injury.

If you are dealing with a situation where your employer may offer or has offered to bring you back to work, you need to know these light duty job rules or have someone on your side who does.  Just click here to read an article I wrote that discusses those special rules in more detail as well as some of the pitfalls you could encounter if you do not understand these rules.

Doctor examining man with shoulder painWhat happens when I return to work after shoulder surgery?

Georgia’s law pretty much treats light duty job offers after surgery the same as job offers before surgery.  The important question will be whether the job offered is suitable.

One issue that usually comes up after surgery is that the doctor may transition you to work that is more physically demanding.  The typical transition to return to work goes something like this:

  • Initially, the doctor will probably take you completely out of work following shoulder surgery;
  • Then, the doctor will release you to return to work with pretty severe restrictions;
  • Ultimately, the doctor will either place permanent work restrictions on you or release you to full duty.

If your employer offers you light duty work, your job may change over time as these restrictions change.  Often, your doctor will order a functional capacity evaluation to make a determination about whether you can go back to full duty work or should remain on work restrictions.  Functional capacity evaluations, also known as FCEs, are very important in determining what future workers compensation benefits you can receive.

What happens if I reinjure my shoulder after returning to work?

You may end up with an entirely new workers compensation case if you suffer a new injury.  If you think you have suffered another injury or made your original injury worse, you will want to be careful and see how the insurance company treats it.

Often, the insurance company will try to use your original date of injury instead of the new injury.  Because of the limits that Georgia law has on how long you can receive benefits, using the original date of injury can often hurt your case.  You are often better with the new date of injury applying to your case.

If you suffer a new injury, you need to make sure that it is documented.  I would also recommend that you talk to me or another workers compensation attorney to make sure the insurance company handles the new workers compensation claim correctly.  If the new injury does not get documented correctly, you often will not receive the benefits you should.

What if my shoulder injury prevents me from returning to work?

If your shoulder injury prevents you from returning to work, you will probably continue drawing workers compensation temporary total disability benefits for some time.  Usually, the insurance company has to pay these benefits to you if your injury prevents you from going back to work.

Man carrying heavy boxes Does my employer have to provide me with a light duty job for my shoulder injury?

Georgia’s workers compensation law does not require your employer to provide you with a light duty job.  Basically, your employer can either:

  1. Provide you with a suitable light duty job; or
  2. Pay you weekly workers compensation benefits.

This is the basic rule, but there are are some exceptions.  You generally cannot force your employer to provide you with a light duty job.  Under Georgia’s workers compensation rules, your employer can usually choose to pay you benefits instead of providing light duty work.

It is important to clarify that I am only talking about Georgia’s workers compensation rules.  Some other state or federal laws might require your employer to provide you with work if they are able to accommodate your restrictions.

Can my employer fire me if I cannot go back to my regular job?

In Georgia, most employees are in an “at will employment” situation.  This basically means that your employer can fire you for a good reason, a bad reason, or no reason at all.

There is nothing in Georgia’s workers compensation law that prohibits your employer from firing you if you are unable to return to your job.  Again, other areas of state and federal law may provide you with some additional protections that prohibit your employer from firing you for certain reasons.

One important thing to consider is that being fired does not usually end your entitlement to workers compensation benefits.  Many people make the mistake of thinking that their workers compensation case ends if they are no longer working for the employer where they got hurt.

Your workers compensation benefits can continue after you are fired, laid off, or resign.  But, the manner in which you leave your job does have a large impact on what benefits you will receive and  whether you will have to fight in court to get those benefits.

The main thing to know is that you do not need to delay things if you are fired or get laid off from your job.  The biggest problem I see people have is waiting too long and not taking action soon enough after they get fired or laid off.  Failure to take action can lead to missing deadlines and losing the right to workers compensation benefits.

What if I have other questions about workers compensation?

Georgia’s workers compensation system can be very confusing.  You have to worry about getting the treatment you need and paying your bills while also worrying about not missing any deadlines that could cause you to lose your right to receive workers compensation benefits.

If you have questions, I would recommend that you try to get answers.  To find out more about how to schedule a time to talk to me about your workers compensation questions, just read this short article.

Jason Perkins is an attorney who specializes in representing injured workers.  He regularly publishes videos and write blog articles about Georgia’s workers compensation system and issues that are important to injured workers and their families.

To be notified of Jason’s new workers compensation videos, subscribe to his Georgia Workers Compensation Video Series channel on YouTube by clicking the subscribe button below.

Brittney-lee orourkeBrittney-lee orourke
05:23 18 Feb 22
Amazing! Jason and his team were very helpful and had the best communication by far. Walked me though every step with great detail and had answers for any question I had. They handled my case better then I could imagine, it was a weird case and they stayed on top of it and kept me updated every step of the way! Highly recommend this Team! Thanks so much to Jason and his Awesome team!-Brittney
China JonesChina Jones
18:58 08 Feb 22
I absolutely love this group of attorneys, when I was at my lowest they did everything they could to help me get justice for my injury. I believe if I were to have never picked my phone up and called the amazing group that helped me I definitely would not have received my idea of rights. If you have an issue and are just not sure please understand that they will help you, stay in contact, answer any question you have, and for sure get you the justice you deserve I thank them from the bottom of my heart and I will definitely refer them to anyone who has been hurt because they most definitely care about their work and clients.
Luv LocsLuv Locs
16:08 15 Jan 22
The entire law office was attentive and responsive to all of my concerns dealing with my workers compensation case.
21:14 02 Jan 22
If you must get a lawyer involved, you’d do well to work with Jason Perkins and his team at Perkins Studdard Law.They were thorough in gathering information and in sharing all the steps in the workers comp process specific to my case. Jason and the team were responsive to my bevy of questions and concerns.I appreciated the informative videos and consultations provided by Jason over video meetings and multiple phone calls.I hope I’m never injured on the job again. However, if I am and if my employer responds as my previous employer did, I’ll contact Perkins Studdard Law immediately to handle the case.
Dana BessDana Bess
23:57 10 Dec 21
Everyone at Perkins Studdard was kind and professional. They were always extremely responsive and answered all questions that I had and followed up to make sure I had an understanding of what was going on along with emailing videos to explain every step of my case so I would know what to expect and be prepared. Jason is a very genuine person and I trusted him with my case. He answered so many questions for me even before I retained him as my WC lawyer. I highly recommend him and his associates at Perkins Studdard.

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Jason Perkins

Workers' Compensation Attorney

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